Peterborough is a cathedral city based in Cambridgeshire, it borders Northamptonshire.
The distance to London is approximately 73.6 mile. The river Nene passes through Peterborough on its journey to the North Sea, some 30 miles to the northeast. Peterborough is a popular city with a good railway connection to London and Edinburgh. Peterborough is flat, like in the fens and some areas lie below the sea level.
Peterborough became very popular for its brick manufacturing due to the large quantities of clay deposits that were available. The railway made it possible to transport large volumes of bricks through the railway network.
In the 1890s, The London Brick Company experiments were developed using harder clay from lower levels in the ground, this resulted in a brick named Fletton brick, which is still used today.
This made Peterborough the UK leading producer of bricks for much of the twentieth century, but after the Second World War, the growth was limited.
In the 1960s Peterborough became a new town, with a 1 billion pound regeneration investment to the city centre and surrounding areas.
In 1967 Peterborough Development Corporation was established with the partnership of the city and county council to house the overspill of London. There were 4 areas of housing development, Bretton, Orton, Paston / Werrington and Castor. The last of these developments was never built, but a fourth which is called Hampton is fully underway and is situated south of the city.
In 1976 Permission was granted to build the Queensgate shopping centre. There are over 90 retail stores, and parking for some 2,300 cars. The Queensgate shopping centre was opened in 1982 by Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands. In July 2005 Peterborough started development plans to build 22,000 new homes, and add 18,000 new jobs, and by 2020, an addition of 40,000 people living in the area.
In 2006 a full planning application for the redevelopment of the old Edith Cavell Hospital site was approved. The new 612 bed, the four-storey hospital called The Peterborough City Hospital treated the first patients in November 15th 2010. The official opening ceremony took place in 2011.